THE COMPARATIVE AND THE SUPERLATIVE

COMPARATIVES

1.Igualdad

– as + adjetivo / adverbio + as

Mary is as clever as Joan.

John is as intelligent as Peter.

-not so/as +adj. / adv. / + as

John is not so (as) intelligent as Jim.

-as / so much / so many + noun + as+

I have as many CDs as my sister.

I don’t have so much money as John.

2.-Superioridad

a.-Adj. / adv. monosilabos y Adj. bisilabos acabados en -y > i+ er

pretty > prettier fast > faster

Mary is prettier than Jane. This car goes faster than mine.

(Nota: los adverbios bisilabos que acaban en -y forman el comparativo anteponiendo more al adverbio.

more quickly, more slowly)

b. Bisílabos y polisilabos: Se antepone more al adjetivo o adverbio.

He is more intelligent than his brother.

3.Inferioridad‑

less + Adj. / Adv. + than

Stephen is less intelligent than Tom.

SUPERLATIVES

a.- Adj. / Adv. Monosilabos o bisilabos acabados en -y > i+est

TIIE …-est         IN …

pretty > prettiest fast> fastest

Mary is THE prettiest girl IN the class. This is THE fastest car IN the world.

(Nota: Los adverbios bisilabosacabados en —y forman el superlativo anteponiendo the most al adverbio.)

b. Bisílabos y polisilabos: Se antepone the most al adjetivo o adverbio.

He is the most intelligent pupil in the class.

IRREGULAR COMPARATIVES and SUPERLATIVES

good —– better —– the best

bad —–worse —– the worst

far —–farther/further —– the farther / the furthest

much / many—–more —– the most

old —–elder / older —– the eldest / the oldest

little —–less —– the least


 

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